A simple DLP-USB1232H based JTAG programmer with OpenOCD support

DLP-USB1232H and OpenOCD based JTAG adapter

Here's a quick introduction to using a cheap FTDI FT2232H based module (left-hand side on the photo) as a JTAG programmer together with the OpenOCD JTAG software for ARM and MIPS devices. The module I am using for thіs purpose is a DLP Design DLP-USB1232H, which is available from various sources (Digikey, Mouser, Saelig, and probably others) for 20-30 bucks plus shipping, depending on where you live.

By properly connecting the correct pins of the DLP-USB1232H to the target JTAG
device (I used an Olimex STM32-H103 eval board for testing) you can easily abuse the DLP-USB1232H as JTAG programmer. As I chose the proper DLP-USB1232H GPIOs for the TRST and (S)RST pins, OpenOCD even worked out of the box, without having to change a single line of code.

The only thing that's required is to provide OpenOCD with an interface config file that uses the usbjtag "layout". I have already submitted that config file upstream, I guess it should be merged soonish.

The usage is then pretty simple:

  $ openocd -f interface/dlp-usb1232h.cfg -f board/olimex_stm32_h103.cfg

And in another xterm:

  $ telnet localhost 4444
  > init
  > reset halt
  > flash write_image erase fancyblink.bin 0x08000000
  > reset

This flashes the given fancyblink.bin image onto the STM32-H103 eval board via the DLP-USB1232H JTAG programmer, where fancyblink.bin is an example program from my libopenstm32 project (that aims to create a full-blown firmware library for ST STM32 microcontrollers, similar to what avr-libc does for AVRs). Contributions for libopenstm32 (license is GPLv3 or later) are highly welcome btw., hint hint...

  $ git clone git://libopenstm32.git.sourceforge.net/gitroot/libopenstm32/libopenstm32

Full schematics, datasheets, and detailed instructions for the JTAG programmer are available from a small page I created in my Random Projects wiki, which is intended for the various smaller projects I'm working on that don't warrant getting their own domain, wiki, etc:

The Random Projects wiki is open-for-all btw, feel free to use it for any freeish, software or hardware projects of your own if you want.

Anyway, the DLP-USB1232H is a really nice device as it can also be used for many other purposes, such as USB-to-Serial or SPI BIOS chip programming, but more on that in another blog post...

OpenOCD, a Free Software JTAG utility with ARM and MIPS support

JTAG adapter for parallel port

Just FYI, I've recently updated the OpenOCD Debian package in unstable. OpenOCD is a Free Software JTAG utility which currently supports quite a large number of JTAG adapters and various CPUs/targets (many ARM and now also some MIPS ones). It's being used by a number of Free Software related projects such as OpenMoko and many others.

Here's an example of how you usually use the (new) OpenOCD with a cheapo parallel port JTAG device. First, start the OpenOCD server, providing it an interface config file and a target config file (you can copy/adapt them from /usr/lib/openocd/{interface,target}/*.cfg, or use those files directly if they work for your target, of course).

  $ openocd -f parport.cfg -f lpc2148.cfg

Then, in another xterm for example, connect to the now-running OpenOCD telnet server. Here you can now run various commands to probe, control and program the JTAG device(s). Try help for a list of commands. As an example, for flashing a binary onto some LPC2148 eval board you would do something like this:

  $ telnet localhost 4444
  Connected to localhost.
  Escape character is '^]'.
  Open On-Chip Debugger
  > reset init
  JTAG device found: 0x4f1f0f0f (Manufacturer: 0x787, Part: 0xf1f0, Version: 0x4)
  srst pulls trst - can not reset into halted mode. Issuing halt after reset.
  target state: halted
  target halted in Thumb state due to debug-request, current mode: Supervisor
  cpsr: 0x800000f3 pc: 0x7fffd2a2
  requesting target halt and executing a soft reset
  target state: halted
  target halted in ARM state due to debug-request, current mode: Supervisor
  cpsr: 0x800000d3 pc: 0x00000000
  > flash write_image /home/foo/program.bin 0
  wrote 1236 byte from file /home/foo/program.bin in 0.533683s (2.261701 kb/s)
  > resume 0

The final resume 0 will start to execute your program on the ARM LPC2148 microcontroller.

Check out the openocd info page (info openocd on the command line) for lots more documentation.

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